The Abrahamic Covenant

The covenants of promise are a most fundamental first principle of the Gos-pel. Those who are "strangers from the covenants of promise" are de-scribed as without hope and without God in the world (Ephesians 2:12). Peter attests to "great and precious promises" through which believers hope to partake of the divine nature (2 Peter 1:4), and Paul declared he was judged for " the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers" (Acts 26:6). These promises are referred to as the Abrahamic Covenant as well as the Abrahamic, Davidic and / or Everlasting Covenant, distinguishing those promises that were confirmed by God with an oath to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and David; and ratified through Christ's "blood of the everlasting covenant" (Hebrews 13:20).

God's covenanted promises constitute the hope of salvation brought to light in these last days of darkness by Brother John Thomas in 1847 and proclaimed in his publication "The Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come." Although recognized as the basis of the " faith" and "hope" of the gospel by enlightened believers since that time, the covenants of promise are virtually unknown in the Christian world. Throughout The Advocate's years, "covenant relationship" has been consistently proclaimed and taught; baptism into Christ recognized as entry into the covenant, thereby becoming a seed of Abraham and an heir to resurrection and the promise to the faithful of eternal inheritance in the Kingdom to be established in the land of Israel.

The Abrahamic Covenant has been prominently featured throughout the different eras of the Advocate, from promotion in children's catechisms in the early 1900's, Sunday School lessons in the 1930's and articles promoting and defending this doctrine throughout the years (also prominently presented in "The Great Salvation"). The following article - "Abraham," authored by Elsie Alley Williams and published in the September 1942 Advocate (during World War II), is here reproduced as originally published and commended to Advocate readers as representative of The Advocate's Bible teaching on this vital subject.


Most people are familiar with the fact that Abraham was the father of the Israelitish nation (now known as the Jewish nation): but few Gentiles know that Jehovah has promised Abraham that "He would make him a Father of a multitude of nations" (Gen. 17:4, American version); or that "all nations of the earth are to be blessed in Abraham" (Gen. 18:18); or that Abraham is yet to "inherit the world" (Rom. 4:13); or that "those who are of FAITH are the sons of ABRAHAM " (Gal. 3:7); or that "the Gospel was preached to Abraham" (Gal. 3:8); or that "As many as have been baptized into Christ, are Abraham's SEED and heirs according to the promise," the promise God made to Abraham, (Gal. 3:27, 29).

In the ecclesiastical world we hear nothing about being baptized into Christ to become Abraham's SEED, and heirs to the promise God made to Abraham; or nothing about Abraham being HEIR of the world; or that Abraham is to be the Father of many nations; or that those who are of Faith are the sons of Abraham. Most of the ecclesiastical world would scorn the idea of becoming sons of Abraham.

Matthew the gospel writer, reckons the generations of Jesus, from Abraham down (Matt. 1-17). Now why didn't Matthew commence with Adam? Because Abraham was a chosen man, who won favor with Jehovah through his obedience. We remember that Jehovah called Abraham out from the land of the Chaldees, away from his kindred, and from his father's house (Paul says that "Abraham went out not knowing whither he went, Heb. 11:8) to a land that He showed him (Gen. 13:14-18). Jehovah told Abraham, " I will make thee a great nation, I will bless thee and make thy name great, I will bless them that bless thee (I wonder how many of us today bless Abraham?) and him that curseth thee I will curse, and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blest" (Gen. 12:1-4). All the families of the earth have not yet been blest in Abraham, even Abraham's seed according to the flesh, today are undergoing the worst persecution of history. When Jehovah establishes His Kingdom upon the earth, then Abraham's "seed" both natural and Spiritual (The Spiritual seed are those who have become Abraham's "seed" through baptism into Christ (Gal. 3:27, 29) will receive the first blessing, afterward, "All families of the earth will be blessed in Abraham." Abraham was willing to even sacrifice his own son in obedience to Jehovah' s command. Paul tells us that "Abraham accounted that God was able to raise Isaac from the dead" (Heb. 11:17-20). Yes, Abraham believed in a resurrection.

Jehovah promised Abraham the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession (Gen. 17:8). Stephen has told us that "Abraham did not have as much of the land of Canaan as to set his foot on" (Acts7:5). Abraham is not now in possession of the land because he is in the grave. Paul, enumerated Abraham among those who died in faith not having received the promises but having seen them from afar off (i.e. after the resurrection); again Paul enumerates Abraham among those faithful ones who received not the promise, God having provided some better thing for us, that apart from us they should not be made perfect (i.e. immortal). Abraham and Paul and the faithful of all ages will be made perfect, or immortal, at the same time, and that time will be after the resurrection and judgment (Heb. 11:13, 39, 40). When Jehovah's Kingdom is established upon the earth, we are told that Abraham will be in the Kingdom (Luke 13: 28, 29). For many years we have seen the natural "seed" of Abraham (the Jews) going back to their land; when Christ returns to the earth he will take them back there in greater numbers, for he is to be their King, with his throne established on Mount Zion in Jerusalem, as well as King of all the world, and his "Law is to go forth from Zion and his word from Jerusalem" (by radio I suspect) to all nations of the world, "and he will judge between many peoples afar off, and then they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks: and nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore (Zech. 4:1-5). We are told "Jehovah shall be King over all the earth in that day" (Zech. 14:9).

"When the son of man (Christ) shall sit on the throne of his glory, (on Mount Zion in Jerusalem) the "first dominion" of his universal Kingdom will be in Palestine (Micah 4:7, 8, St. James version). At that time "The twelve apostles shall sit on twelve thrones, judging (ruling) the twelve tribes of Israel" (Matt. 19:28).

Well, how does Christ fit into this Abrahamic picture? Jehovah told Abraham "thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies" (Gen. 22:17, 18), the word "his" denotes that this refers to an individual. In fact Paul tells us that this " seed" means Christ (Gal. 3:16). Christ's enemies put him to death, when Jehovah raised him from the dead he then became triumphant over his enemies. If Abraham must be resurrected to inherit the promise God gave to him, then, there must be one of the Adamic race who has proven himself worthy to gain a resurrection for himself (Heb. 2: 14-17; 5:3; 7:27), and power to resurrect all those who are his (John 6:39, 40,44,54). Christ will raise Abraham when he returns to the earth and raises all those who have entered into covenant relationship to Jehovah. We have seen that the natural "seed" of Abraham (i.e. his seed according to the flesh), and Christ, his "seed," and those who have become Abraham's "seed' by being baptized into Christ (Gal. 3:27, 29) all belong in Jehovah's plan of salvation.

Jehovah tells Abraham that in his " seed" all nations shall be blessed (Gen. 22:18). All nations have never yet been blessed, in Abraham's "seed" according to the flesh, or Abraham's "seed" according to the Spirit, neither have they yet been blessed in Abraham's "seed" - The Christ. In the Future age all nations of the world are to be blessed through Abraham's "seed" - The Christ, and through Abraham's spiritual "seed," the latter are to be Kings and Priests, and are to assist Christ rule the world righteously (Rev. 5:9, 10; 20: 4-7).

When Christ was on earth two of his Apostles asked if one might sit on his right hand and the other on his left, when he came to his glory (i.e. when he comes back to earth and establishes his Kingdom), Christ told them, that was not his to give. I like to visualize Abraham, the grand old patriarch that he is, as sitting on Christ's right hand in the Kingdom.

Elsie Alley Williams